What Causes Back Pain?

“Good health, Good life”

A healthy man can experience significant happiness during his lifetime. Regular exercises and good food are the essential things in one’s life.

Today, 87% of the adults experience back pain according to a National Institute of Health report. Some people might find it hard to carry on their day to day activities and it’s the single biggest cause of worker disability that leads to missed work days than any other health complaint.

It is also ranked as the third biggest cause of poor health behind heart disease. There are reports one in four adults experience back pain. It’s a serious health challenge that can negatively affect the quality of life and longevity if ignored. It is more than just annoying and disruptive. If not exercising properly or moving around, the cardiovascular health, sleep, and state of mind can suffer.

Untreated back pain can cause other illnesses too, that is why it’s important to get to the source of what’s causing it and need to look for ways to improve it. Back pain includes sub-acute pain lasting 4–12 weeks and chronic pain lasting 12 weeks or longer–often up to a year. The region of the back supports most of your upper body weight, and is therefore subject to a lot of stress, even when sitting.

The back area is made up of bone, ligaments, muscles, tendons, and nerves which is nothing but a complex network of nerves that branch out from the spine and control body movements and signals to the brain, causing so many systems to converge at the back.

Back pain can have numerous underlying causes. It can be,

  • Nerve-related
  • Bone-related
  • Muscle-related
  • Tendon related
  • Ligament related

Back pain can also be caused due to the injuries in other parts of the body, this is called as referred pain. Overweight is also a reason for back pain because the back area is subject to a large load of stress due to few extra pounds that can come with middle age and age-related degeneration of the spine, a sedentary modern lifestyle contributes more to back pain.

A poor seated posture like sitting for a long time watching television or in an office using the computer for more hours on a couch. This may weak or tight the muscles where when you finally get up and move around, the body could never be properly conditioned or warmed up causing muscle strains and spasms more likely, especially if you are in middle age. As well as weight gain such as from pregnancy can put pressure on the back causing severe pain.


    • Muscle spasms: Back spasms may occur if the soft tissue is injured in the back caused by heavy lifting, twisting or rotating the body when playing football, swinging too hard while batting during a cricket match or hockey.
    • Traumatic injuries: These type of Injuries are caused by vehicles such as car or motorcycle accidents, serious falls, sports injuries can all damage the back. Pain may be caused by any source. Due to increase pressure on surrounding nerves in the spinal cord, which can lead to inflammation, Irritation.
    • Disc degeneration: Due to age while we bend our body, the rubbery padding between vertebrae can wear away. When the natural cushion between the bones gets weak, the spine can lose height and flexibility. As well as when the bone rubs one on one, inflammation occurs leading to severe pain and stiffness
    • Muscle strains or ligament sprains: Most acute back pain is caused by soft tissue injuries. While twisting, lifting heavy objects, or overstretching can cause severe pain that makes it difficult to use your back.
    • Irritation in spinal nerve root:   It is usually caused by injury, compression, or inflammation. The primary symptoms are radiating pain or tingling that travels up and down the length of the nerve often to other parts of the body such as pain in back and the neck.
  • Spinal Stenosis: This condition is caused by age-related issues. The pressure on the spinal cord and nerves can be a result of spinal stenosis, for a long period you may have pain, weakness, and a loss of sensation in the legs. Walking may become difficult. Also, everyday lifestyle issues that may contribute more to a backache.

One of the finest preventative methods to avoiding back pain is keeping your core abdominal muscles strong. Poor posture when standing, sitting, or even when sleeping may also be a major reason for a strain on the back. Similarly, carrying a heavy bag or not protecting your back when weight lifting can also cause strain.


Less commonly, back pain can be a sign of a serious medical condition requiring an emergency visit to a nearby clinic.

Potentially dangerous conditions include,

    • Kidney stones: Individuals who drink less water than the recommended eight to ten glasses of water a day are prone to kidney stones. Additional risk factors for kidney stones include a sedentary lifestyle, obesity, and high blood pressure.
    • Infections: whereas spinal infection is rare but can cause severe pain and are life-threatening if untreated.
  • Autoimmune disease: An autoimmune disease causes the body’s immune system to misidentify its own cells and attack them as if they were a virus.  A specific type of arthritis primarily affects the spine. It typically causes inflammation to develop between the spinal bones and ligaments, As it progresses, the inflammation can lead to chronic back pain and stiffness

It’s important to note that every case of back pain is serious because it can have such a negative effect on your health and state of mind. In many cases, a combination of medical treatments and yoga exercises can help to reduce your pain and get you closer to feeling like yourself again.

Orange Ray also offers Acupressure, Reiki, Cupping, and Acupuncture treatment for long-lasting relief from acute and chronic pain. Check out more valuable information about best treatment for Lower back Pain and Sciatica here. Contact us and book your appointment today!


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